NSE Essentials

Get a complete analysis on National Stock Exchange - management, business model, financials, growth, valuations, funding rounds, news and get latest updates on National Stock Exchange IPO news.



Face Value


Total Share


Total Income

₹9,499.64 Cr

Profit After Tax

₹5,198.29 Cr







Market Capitalisation

₹1,64,340.00 Cr

Enterprise Value

₹1,48,139.79 Cr

Book Value


Intrinsic Value


Dividend Yield

1.27 %

Earnings Yield

3.16 %




Stock Exchange & Ratings



Cashflow - Operations

₹5,831.69 Cr

Cashflow - Financing

-₹1,258.31 Cr

NSE Growth

Compounded Sales Growth

  • 58.75%

    1 Year

  • 43.89%

    3 Year

  • 35.03%

    6 Year

Pro Only

Compounded Profit Growth

  • 45.47%

    1 Year

  • 44.92%

    3 Year

  • 51.16%

    6 Year

Pro Only

Return On Equity

  • 29.62%


  • 16.56%


  • 16.35%


Pro Only

About NSE

  • National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is the leading stock exchange of India which is Located in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • NSE was established in 1992. It was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system which offered easy trading facilities to investors spread across the length and breadth of the country.
  • The cumulative market value of all small- and mid-cap equities listed on the National Stock Exchange, or the market capitalization of listed businesses, is greater than US$3 trillion, making it the world's 10th-largest stock exchange as of May 2021. NSE's flagship index, the NIFTY 50, a 50 stock index is used extensively by investors in India and around the world as a barometer of the Indian capital market.
  • NSE has a fully – integrated business model comprising our exchange listing, trading services, clearing and Settlement services, indices, market data feeds, technology solutions, and financial education offering.
  • NSE oversees compliance of rules and regulations of the exchange by trading and clearing members and listed companies. It also ensures the reliability and performance of its system through a culture of innovation and investment in technology.

  • NSE IPO Details

  • According to ET, NSE wrote to capital markets regulator in August seeking it's approval to file it's draft prospectus to launch an IPO. 
  • NSE's issue is one of the most awaited IPO's in the past decade. The country's largest stock exchange could be one of the most profitable companies with around 63.53% profit margin, Sources told BusinessLine that NSE is likely to be valued at over ₹2 lakh crore.
  • The NSE had first filed for its IPO with SEBI in December 2016, two months before incumbent SEBI chairman Ajay Tyagi took charge. Then, Tyagi ordered the exchange to withdraw its offer documents since it got embroiled in the algo trading scandal.

  • NSE Subsidiaries

  • NSE Clearing Limited (NCL)
  • NSE Investments Limited (NSEI)
  • NSE InfoTech Services Limited (NSE InfoTech)
  • NSE Indices Limited (NSE Indices)
  • NSEIT Limited (NSEIT)
  • NSE Data & Analytics Limited (NDAL)
  • NSEIT (US) Inc. (NSEIT US)
  • NSE Academy Limited (NAL)
  • NSE IFSC Limited (NSE IFSC)
  • NSE IFSC Clearing Corporation Limited (NICCL)
  • NSE Foundation
  • Aujas Cybersecurity Limited (Aujas)
  • Talentsprint Private Limited
  • Cogencis Information Services Limited

NSE Business Model

  • NSE offers a comprehensive and innovative product and service offerings delivered through a vertically-integrated business model supported by a robust risk management system framework. It recognises that technology forms the core of financial markets in driving greater transparency and is ever evolving.  
  • The products on the Exchange are organized into 3 asset classes for trading:  Capital market for the listing and trading of equities, fixed income securities and the derivatives market. 
  • NSE Revenue Segmentation

  • Trading services
  • Listing services
  • Technology services
  • Colocation Charges
  • Licensing services
  • Income on investments(Other Operating revenue)
  • Other
  • NSE Product & Services

Cash Market 

  • IPO
  • Institutional Placement Program,
  • Mutual Funds
  • Sovereign Gold Bonds
  • ETFs
  • Listed Companies
  • Securities Lending& Borrowing Scheme 
  • SME Platform (less than ₹25 Cr. market capitalization)
  • Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvITs)
  • Corporate Bonds, Government Securities
  • IGP (Innovators Growth Platform) and REITS


  • Stocks 
  • Domestic Indices
  • Currency
  • Interest Rate and Commodity 

Debt Market 

  • Products: Wholesale Market
  • Corporate Bond
  • Tri Party Repo
  • Non Competitive Bidding - Government Securities 
  • Treasury Bills and Electronic Bidding Platform and CBRICS

Trading data 

  • NSE’s online real-time data feed
  • EOD data
  • 15-minute-delayed, 5-minute, 2-minute
  • 1-minute snapshot
  • Historical trades  
  • Providing data feeds

Index services

  • Products: Equity Index- NIFTY 50, 
  • NIFTY100, NIFTY bank indices and debt indices
  • Index IP licensing customized index solution
  • NSE Assets

As of March'22 NSE has the Fixed assets worth Rs.964.84 crore.

Total AssetsAmount in Rs(Crore)
Office Equipments
Electrical equipment & installations 
Furniture & Fixtures
Trading systems
Computer systems office automation
Tele-communication systems 
Clearing and settlement system 
Freehold land

  • NSE Industry Overview

Industry Statistics

  • The Indian stock exchanges are crucial market intermediaries and are supervised by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
  • Exchanges are organized markets designed to provide centralized facilities for the listing and trading of the financial instruments issued by companies, sovereigns, and other entities to raise capital.
  • Over the last 5 years, Indian stock exchange industry revenue has grown at a yearly avg rate of 3.07%, while net income has grown at a yearly avg rate of 6.77%.
  • The Indian equity market is expanding in terms of listed companies and market cap, widening the playing field for brokerage firms. The sophisticated products segment is growing rapidly, reflected in the steep rise in the growth of derivatives trading.
  • India is one of the most open economies in the world, with almost 100% FDI policy permission under the automatic route for almost all major sectors, Net Foreign direct investment was US$ 33 billion in FY19, which is helping the stock market in developing.
  • Exchanges are batting for increasing trading hours. By highlighting Commodity markets trade for 15 hours daily but equities are allowed to trade for only six-and-a-half hours by markets regulator SEBI. 
  • In FY22 the benchmark Nifty 50 Index ended the year 19% higher, following a 71% return in the previous year. Market turnover also witnessed a modest jump in the financial year, with an average daily turnover in equity cash and derivative markets (premium) rising by ~8% and 20% respectively.
  • During the year, domestic institutional investors remained net buyers of Indian equities for the whole of FY 2021-22, with net inflows of ~Rs.2.2 Trn, far exceeding net foreign capital outflows, helped by a surge in retail participation through the SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) route.
  • Overall in FY22, In the equity market, the total amount raised was Rs.2.4 Trn whereas the amount raised in the debt market was Rs.6.0 Trn.

Future Prospects

  • With Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning brokers can easily identify the investment goals of the investors. This will bring more people to the vicinity of Investment. However, as per statistics, only 3-4% of Indians invest in market as compared to 30-40% in developed countries. So there are many opportunities for the country like India in The Stock Broking Business.
  • Everyday more and more companies are getting listed, in 2020 around 16 new companies were listed on NSE or BSE and now in 2021 more companies are getting added to the list. If this sentiment continues this will lead to generation of large amount of revenue for stock exchanges.
  • After covid 19 there is huge awareness among investors regarding stock markets, people are getting attractive towards it, but still there is huge gap and potential, as more and more people will become a part of it, market will continue to grow.

Government Initiatives

An important measure regarding capital market reforms is the setting up of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) as the regulator of equity market in India. SEBI is the regulatory authority established under the SEBI Act 1992 and is the principal regulator for Stock Exchanges in India. SEBI’s primary functions include protecting investor interests, promoting and regulating the Indian securities markets.
Some recent initiatives taken by government for financial sector are:-
  • Liquidity, credit availability and financial stability: The Government, along with RBI, announced a slew of measures to ease financial distress and credit crunch for companies and households, without hurting financial stability. The RBI also provided six-month moratorium on loan repayments and one time restructuring scheme.
  • Privatisation and asset monetisation: The Government announced setting up an institutional framework for asset monetisation and privatisation of central public sector enterprises (CPSEs) with an aim to augment revenues and bring about transparency and efficiency.
  • Stressed Asset Resolution: An Asset Reconstruction Company and Asset Management Company would be set up to consolidate and take over the existing stressed debt and then manage and dispose of the assets to Alternate Investment Funds and other potential investors for eventual value realisation.
  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) : India remains one of the most open economies, with 100% FDI permission under the automatic route for all major sectors. Last year, the Government also raised FDI limit in insurance from 49% to 74%. Net FDI in calendar 2020 rose by 40% to ~US$52 billion

NSE Awards & Achievements

  • Innovative Practices Award 2018 on Sustainable Development Goals
  • CSR Times Awards for Best Project in Education under the Corporate Foundation Category
  • UN Global Compact Network India
  • FICCI CSR Award for Exemplary Innovation
  • 7th Annual Greentech HR Award 2017
  • Golden Peacock Award for Corporate Social Responsibility

NSE Strengths

  • NSE is largest exchange of the world’s sixth largest economy 'India'. NSE continued to enjoy a market share of around 94% in the Capital Market segment with a near 100% market share in the Equity Derivatives segment.
  • Exchange covers 21% of the global derivatives market on the basis of contracts traded.
  • NSE has more than 2799 VSAT terminal which cover more than 1500 cities of India. 
  • NSE continued to be the preferred platform for raising capital. With 1,940 companies listed on NSE with a market capitalization of ~INR 203 trillion, NSE continued to be the premier Exchange in the country.
  • Free cash flow of the company is significantly increasing with the increase in EPS of the company.
  • NSE has introduced several new products such as trading of T-bills and SDLs in Capital Market Segment 
  • NSE Clearing Limited (NCL) has been regularly rated AAA by CRISIL for more than a decade now. It is the strongest clearing corporation in the country with sound financial track record. It has a Core Settlement Guarantee Fund (Core SGF) of more than Rs 3,500 crores as on March 2021.
  • Company is continuously innovating its products, recently in January 2021 NSE launched derivatives on Nifty Financial Services Index.

NSE Shortcomings

  • Biggest competitor of NSE is BSE ltd, and no. of companies listed on BSE is around 5000, while on NSE it is around 1600.
  • Global ranking of NSE is 11th while BSE comes on 10th place.

NSE Opportunities

  • Exchanges are batting for increasing trading hours.
  • Indian capital markets witnessed record high foreign portfolio inflows of ~USD 37 bn (~Rs 2.7 trillion) in FY21, resulting in Indian markets outperforming most major global markets during the year. It will bring many new opportunities for the stock exchange. 
  • During the year, direct retail participation strengthened significantly which was reflected in a sharp rise in new investors and an increase in individual investors’ share in the overall market turnover. During fiscal 2021 around 8 million new investors were added, this no. is supposed to increase exponentially in coming years.

NSE Threats

  • There are multiple complaints pertaining to allegations of malpractices with respect to the co-location facility being provided by the National Stock Exchange of India Limited.
  • An improving US economy with a strengthening dollar weigh on the INR, particularly with the rise in domestic liquidity on the commitment to growth by the RBI.
  • There was a sharp spike in international commodity prices and increase in global financial market volatility in Q4 FY21, if they persist, they may spill-over to the domestic economy and financial markets and this will create a concern for exchanges as well.
NSE Rating


    Strong Buy

  • NSE Detail Info

Industry Statistics


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Reg Office: Exchange Plaza, C-1, G Bandra Kurla Complex Mumbai, 400051, India

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